See the general requirements for admission to graduate programs at Boğaziçi University.


Minimum Requirements for Admission to PhD in Economics:

a) A minimum GPA of 2.5/4.0 or 75/100 in a BA/BS program.

b) An (Equally Weighted) ALES score of 80 (ALES is the Turkish acronym for the Selection Examination for Academic Personnel and Graduate Studies).

Instead of the ALES score the candidates can also present proof of GRE scores (taken within the last two years) that satisfy the following minimum requirements:
- Quantitative: 157 (740 for the old scoring system),
- Analytical: 3,
- Scores from quantitative and verbal sections should add up to a minimum of 288 (950 for the old scoring system).

c) Proof of English Proficiency:
BUEPT or
TOEFL 550, TWE 4.5 or
TOEFL (CBT) 213, TWE 4.5 or
TOEFL (IBT) 79, TWE 22 or
IELTS Academic Score: 6.5, Academic Writing Score: 6.5

d) To be admitted to the Ph.D. program, one must pass the entrance exam. The entrance exam consists of two parts, one written and one oral. The written exam is given in three sessions (Microeconomics, Macroeconomics and Econometrics), which are scheduled on three different days of the week announced in the Academic Calendar (usually around May). Those who are successful in the written exam are eligible to take the oral exam. The admission decision is given after the oral exam. Those who fail one of the three written exams may be given another chance in September. Those who fail two or more of the written exams are not given another exam.

For those who have not completed the seven must courses of the first year of our M.A. program (or courses equivalent to those), we strongly recommend them to apply for our M.A. program first, and, then, if admitted, take the entrance exam at the end of the first year at the earliest. This is because the entrance exam will be heavily based on those courses taught in the first year of our M.A. program. These seven courses are:

EC 501 - Microeconomics I; EC 502 - Microeconomics II
EC 503 - Macroeconomics I; EC504 - Macroeconomics II
EC 531 - Econometrics I; EC 532 - Econometrics II
EC 521 - Mathematical Methods for Economics I